Matsayi na Yanzu da kuma hangen nesa na PTA Chain da Kasuwa

PX shine manyan kayan albarkatun a cikin dukkanin masana'antar polyester , Canjin masana'anta yana da tasiri mai mahimmanci musamman ga masana'antun gaba ɗaya. da shiga cikin tsari na samun wadatar dogaro ga kasar Sin a cikin Binciken Hanyar Hanyar Xylene.

Da farko, bincika wadatar PX ɗin duniya da halin da ake ciki. A cikin yankin duniya China, Koriya ta Kudu, Indiya, Japan da Amurka sun kasance a cikin manyan kasashe biyar. , a matsayin babbar mai samarwa a duniya, Indiya ita ce mafi girman ƙaryar ƙaryar buƙata. Saboda wadataccen kayan buƙata na cikin gida, kusan kashi 60% na buƙatun shekara-shekara na dogaro da kai Tare da shigo da kaya daga ƙasashe maƙwabta kamar Koriya ta Kudu da Japan. A shekarar 2018, fitowar PX ta kasar Sin tan miliyan 10.31 kawai, kuma yawan shigo da shi ya kai tan miliyan 15.63, a takaice dai, akwai bukatar shigo da fiye da tan miliyan 1 na PX a kowane wata.

A karkashin jagorancin rarar kasuwa da jan hankali ga ribar siyasa don ba da goyon baya ga manufofin fadada ikon samar da kayayyaki na Para xylene a kasar Sin ya shiga wani sabon zamani a 2005Daga misali Hengli Petrochemical a Dalian, Shenghong Petrochemical a Lianyungang, Jiangsu A shekarar 2019, sabon karfin samar da PX na 4.5 miliyan ton na Kamfanin Hengli Petrochemical, Kamfanin Kamfanin Hongrun Petrochemical, wanda aka sanya shi a watan Agusta, da Hainan Refining da Chemical Phase II, wanda aka sanya shi a watan Oktoba, duk sun cimma nasarar kasuwanci. A lokaci guda, a cikin kwata na huɗu, akwai ƙaddamar da tsari, kuma akwai yiwuwar ƙaddamarwa. An kiyasta cewa sabon karfin samar da kayayyakin zai kai tan miliyan 10.3 a cikin shekarar, wanda ya karu da kashi 53% a daidai wannan lokacin a bara. Daga 2020 zuwa 2022, har yanzu za'a sami tan miliyan 25, kuma za a sanya sabon damar shiga kasuwa bayan daya.

A duk lokacin da aka samu koma baya a harkar samar da kayayyaki a cikin gida ya mamaye samarwar PX ta China da kuma hangen nesa na bukatar canzawa sosai. Tare da saurin yaduwar iya samar da PX na kasar Sin, wadatuwar gaba da kuma tsarin bukatar nan gaba a shiyyar Arewa maso gabashin Asiya zai zama saniyar ware, kuma a yanayin nesa da farashin da ya dace, ana kuma iya fitar da shi zuwa kasashen da ke akwai rarar bukata. Dangantaka kasuwanci tare da kudu maso gabashin Asiya , Akwai kuma yiwuwar fitarwa zuwa hanya guda zuwa juyi-ciniki

Ta fuskar samar da wadatuwa da tsari na duniya, Sin ita ce babbar hanyar samar da kayayyaki a duniya, amma kuma babbar kasuwa. Productionarfin samar da kasar Sin na shekara-shekara shine tan miliyan 52.29, wanda ya ninka sama da rabin adadin duniya. Ta fuskar zirga-zirgar ciniki a duniya, yawan shigo da Sin ya kai tan 760 dubu, yawancinsu daga Thailand, Taiwan da Koriya ta Kudu.

Daga halin da ake ciki na samar da gida, yanayin ribar shine babban abin nuna alamar wadatar PT na cikin gida. A shekara ta 2011, PHP ta shigo da karfin fadada, wanda hakan ya haifar da barkewar yawan samar da kayayyaki, wanda ya kai ga sake dawo da martabar matakin PDA. A karkashin yanayin gasa, yanayin cin riba na dogon lokaci yana fuskantar kasawa, an cire wasu damar samar da ci baya, kuma wadata da buƙatu suna kasancewa da daidaituwa.PT ya buɗe a cikin 2017, PK ya shiga matakin inganta darajar ci gaba. A shekarar 2019, matakin riba na PTA ya hau zuwa yuan 1700 a kowace ton.PK ya shigo cikin wani sabon salo na samarwa.

Tasirin aikin haɓaka muhalli Terminal, hanzarta aikin polyester, faɗaɗa ƙarfin Thearfafa masana'antar polyester an inganta shi sosai, wanda shine babban yanayin masana'antar polyester a cikin shekaru biyu da suka gabata. Tare da haɓakawa, fadada aikin polyester, gasar ta ƙara ƙaruwa, wanda ya sa matakin riba ya ragu sosai, ƙarfin samar da kayan aikin polyester na gaba yana da ma'ana.

Kamar yadda fadada masana'antar ba ta daidaitawa, babban matakin samar da albarkatun kasa ya sanya matakin ribar kayan aikin polyester, asarar ribar tsirrai a cikin shekarar. Daga hangen nesa na abubuwan da ke faruwa a nan gaba, raguwar wadatar polyester a nan gaba, tare da takaddama kan aiwatarwa da ƙananan farashin samarwa suna taimaka wajan fadada fa'idodin polyester. Koyaya, rikice-rikicen kasuwanci tsakanin Sino-Amurka zai shafi kasuwa har zuwa wani lokaci. Harajin sarrafa kayayyaki na kasar Sin zai shafi kai tsaye kan fitar da suturar kasar Sin zuwa Amurka, kodayake akwai alamun samun ci gaba a tattaunawar kasuwanci ta Sino ta kwanan nan. Dangantaka tsakanin Sin da Amurka na sanya kudin haraji kan kayayyakin yadin da ke tasiri kan kayayyakin da kasar China ke fitarwa zuwa Amurka. Kodayake akwai alamun ingantattu a cikin tattaunawar cinikayya tsakanin Sin da Amurka, sutturar kayan EU da takamaiman shingen ciniki a kan China ya karu sannu a hankali a cikin 'yan shekarun nan, kuma a bayyane yake. Wannan zai shafi fitowar kasar China kai tsaye.

 


Lokacin aikawa: Aug-21-2020